Symptoms of Bronchiectasis

According to the American Lung Association®, Bronchiectasis affects 350,000 to 500,000 people in the United States. Two phases of lung damage cause bronchiectasis. The first phase is the initial infection or condition that affections your lungs. The second phase is the reoccurring infections that continue to damage the lungs.

  • Coughing up yellow or green mucus daily
  • Shortness of breath (Dyspnea)
  • Fatigue
  • Wheezing or whistling sound while you breath
  • Chest pain from increased effort to breath
  • Clubbing, or the thickening of the skin under nails
  • Coughing up blood or mucus mixed with blood (Hemoptysis)
  • Repeat colds

Bronchiectasis Risk Factors

Some of the specific causes of the initial damage that starts the cycle of bronchiectasis can include:
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Chronic Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Organ Transplant (transplant medications decrease immunity and can increase risk of infection)
  • Foreign bodies, tumors, or lymph nodes that block airways and prevent mucus clearance
  • Autoimmune disorders, like rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • Inflammatory disorders, like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Recurring infections that can cause damage to the airway walls are:

  • Pneumonia
  • Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
  • Tuberculosis
  • Fungal Infections

Types of Bronchiectasis Treatment 

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High Frequency Chest Wall Oscillation

Treatment Type 1

High-frequency chest wall oscillation is an airway clearance device. A fitted vest produces vibrations that loosen and remove mucus from the airway. It can be done from home, and can help alleviate your symptoms, allowing you to breathe easier.


Inhalation Therapy

Treatment Type 2

Mucus Thinning Medications may be prescribed for patients who are diagnosed with bronchiectasis to assist with mucus production. Such medications are often delivered via a nebulizer which produces a fine mist that allows the medication to be inhaled deep into the lungs. If your healthcare practitioner prescribes inhalation therapy, we can provide home and portable nebulizer machines to help alleviate your symptoms so you can breathe easier.

How We Can Help

Patients who receive a manufactured valve will almost always require a blood-thinning medication for the rest of their lives. The blood thinner will keep clots from forming. Living with a Mechanical Heart Valve can be challenging, but you're not in it alone. Lincare’s affiliates are here for you and provide at Home PT/INR Testing. The INR Testing program may improve health-related quality of life while receiving the medical treatment you need.
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