How the Epworth Sleepiness Scale Identifies Excessive SleepinessThe Epworth Sleepiness Scale utilizes a standardized approach to assess an individual’s self-assessment of their level of daytime sleepiness. By using a brief set of questions, this test efficiently measures a person’s likelihood to fall asleep during regular daily tasks. By quantifying a person’s level of daytime sleepiness through the ESS, healthcare professionals can assess the severity of excessive sleepiness and determine if further investigation or treatment is required. It serves as a helpful screening tool for identifying individuals who may be at risk of sleep disorders or have impaired daytime functions due to sleepiness.
What Does Your Score on the ESS Mean?
The scores from each question are then added together to obtain a total score, ranging from 0-24. The higher the score indicated a higher level of daytime sleepiness.
- Score of 1-6: You’re getting enough sleep
- Score of 4-8: You tend to be sleepy during the day; this is the average score
- Score 9-15: You are very sleepy and should seek medical advice
- Score 16 or greater: You are dangerously sleepy and should seek medical advice
This test is not a substitute for a professional medical diagnosis and treatment. If your total score is 10 or higher, review this form with your health care provider (pdf).