1. Stay Warm
Cold temperatures can worsen COPD symptoms by constricting airways, making it harder to breathe. Layer your clothing and wear warm accessories like hats, scarves, and gloves.1 Additionally, keep your home at a comfortable temperature.
2. Avoid Exposure to Cold Air
When going outdoors, try to limit your time in the cold weather. Cover your nose and mouth with a scarf or a mask to help warm up the air you breathe. It is best practice to choose indoor activities or exercises, if possible, to avoid cold air altogether.
3. Maintain Good Indoor Air Quality
Winter is the time when indoor pollutants like dust, pet dander, and mold become more prevalent.2 These irritants can trigger COPD symptoms, so it is crucial to keep the air clean. Regularly clean and dust your home, use an air purifier, and ensure good ventilation. Try and avoid wood-burning stoves and fireplaces to reduce exposure to noxious particles.3
4. Stay Hydrated
Cold weather tends to be dry, which can lead to dehydration. Dehydration can thicken the mucus in your airways, making breathing more difficult. Drink plenty of fluids, such as water or warm herbal teas, to keep yourself properly hydrated.
5. Practice Good Hand Hygiene
Cold weather brings with it flu and cold viruses, which can exacerbate COPD symptoms. Frequent handwashing can help reduce the risk of catching these infections. Carry hand sanitizer and avoid touching your face, especially your eyes, nose, and mouth.4
6. Get Vaccinated
Annual flu and COVID-19 shots are highly recommended for people with COPD.5 These illnesses can lead to severe complications, including pneumonia, which can be particularly dangerous for those with compromised lung functions. Talk to your healthcare provider about all recommended vaccinations.
7. Follow Your Medication & Treatment Plan
Stick to your prescribed medications and treatment regimen. Cold weather can increase the frequency and severity of COPD symptoms, so it is essential to manage your condition effectively.
8. Consider Supplemental Oxygen
For individuals with advanced stages of COPD, supplemental oxygen therapy may be necessary, especially during cold weather. Consult your healthcare provider to determine if oxygen therapy is appropriate for you.
9. Practice Breathing Exercises
Deep breathing exercises can help improve lung capacity and breath control, making it easier to manage COPD symptoms during cold weather. Engaging in simple practices like pursed lip breathing and diaphragmatic breathing can be beneficial. Consider joining a class or working with a respiratory therapist to learn effective breathing techniques.
10. Stay Active
Although it might be tempting to hibernate during the winter months, staying physically active is crucial for managing COPD. Regular exercise can improve your lung function and overall well-being. If outdoor activities are not an option due to the cold weather, consider indoor exercises like tai chi, yoga, or stationary bike. Consider participating in pulmonary rehabilitation after consulting with your healthcare provider to determine if it is suitable for your individual needs.
Remember, everyone's experience with COPD is unique, so it is important to tailor these strategies to your specific needs. Consult with your healthcare provider regularly to ensure your COPD management plan is tailored to your requirements and to address any concerns or changes in your symptoms. Stay proactive, take care of yourself, and seek support from friends, family, and support groups to help you navigate the challenges of COPD during cold weather. Taking these steps will help you stay healthy and avoid hospitalization during the winter.